Link Community Development

Improving the quality of education in Africa

Strengthening Systems in Education Information Management in the 22 UNITY Intensity Districts

Link Community Development Uganda in partnership with UNITY Project of the Ministry of Education, Science, Technology and Sport (MoESTS) implemented an intervention on “Strengthening of Systems in Education Information Management” in 22 districts[1] under the UNITY project during the period 2010-2011. This intervention involved capacity development support to the 22 District Local Governments in two areas of education information management:

  • Decentralised Education Management Information System (DEMIS)
  • School Performance Review (SPR)

DEMIS and SPR were seen as complementary interventions that would enhance local management and the use of education information to improve performance of the primary education sector at district, sub-county and lower levels.

Funder: Uganda Ministry of Education, Science, Technology and Sport (MoESTS) and USAID

Total Funding: $644,070

Date:  2010-2011

The Challenge

To effectively address the challenges of education service delivery under a decentralised policy framework, the districts needed a system of collection, integration, processing, maintenance and dissemination of school performance data. This would support evidence-based decision making, policy-analysis and formulation, planning, monitoring and management at the district and other lower local levels.

The USAID-funded UNITY project identified Link Uganda as a partner with the capacity to provide support to the targeted districts in two key areas of education sector information management:

  • Strengthening of the Education Management Information System (EMIS) in Districts
  • Introduction of the School Performance Review (SPR), an innovative approach of auditing school and district performance against the nationally approved performance indicators

Project Aims

The objectives of the intervention were to enhance:

  • Availability of valid, accurate, up-to-date data used in decision making at district, sub-county and school levels.
  • Quality of decision making at district, sub-county and school level, especially regarding equitable and transparent allocation of human and material resources.
  • Accountability of schools for performance - both ‘upward’ to districts and ‘downward’ to parents and community members.
  • Actions by schools for self-improvement through development and implementation of School Improvement Plans (SIPs).
  • Supervision and support to schools by district officials, School Management Committees and civil society.
  • Mobilization of local leaders, civil society, parents and community to tackle critical issues in education.

Project Activities

The District Local Governments were supported to conduct three rounds of School Performance Review (SPR):

  • Baseline Survey (SPR Round 1) – March/April 2010
  • Mid Term Review (SPR Round 2) – April/June 2011
  • Final Evaluation (SPR Round 3) – September 2011

The DEMIS intervention involved developing the capacity of the targeted District Local Governments to locally capture data from the Annual School Census, process it, generate and use accurate, relevant and timely Annual School Census information for effective decision-making in the delivery of primary education services.

Headline Achievements

The USAID-funded UNITY Project under the MoESTS widened the implementation of Link’s innovative SPR model to 20% of Uganda's districts with the following results:

  • Each of the 22 District Local Governments has in place a pool of manpower (Education Officers, Inspectors of Schools, Associate Assessors, Coordinating Centre Tutors) trained to conduct School Performance Review;
  • Individual SPR Reports were produced for each of the 2,028 primary schools, allowing for analysis of the relationship between the variables affecting education quality in these schools;
  • Individual school SPR Reports were disseminated to key school level stakeholders at the respective School Performance Appraisal Meetings (SPAMs) in which School Improvement Plans (SIPs) were developed;
  • District SPR Summary Reports summarizing average schools performance levels for each district were generated, allowing for analysis of the relationship between the variables effecting education quality at district levels;
  • District Summary SPR Reports were disseminated to key district and sub-county level stakeholders at the respective District Education Conferences in which stakeholders identified local education priority areas for action to enhance quality education at district and sub county levels;
  • MoESTS and the respective District Local Governments were provided with documented evidence of the status of education in the 2028 primary schools. 

The achievements under the DEMIS component included the following:

  • The district and sub-county level stakeholders (political and technical leadership) learned of the importance of the DEMIS to District Local Governments;
  • The DEMIS Data Reports 2010 were produced and disseminated to the district and sub-county stakeholders at DEMIS workshops conducted for each of the targeted project District Local Governments;
  • The most up to date primary education sector data (DEMIS Data Report 2010) was made available for use by the respective District Local Governments in decision making, planning, budgeting and monitoring for the 

[1]  Gulu, Amuru, Kitgum, Lamwo, Pader, Lira, Apac, Oyam, Amolatar, Dokolo, Otuke, Soroti, Katakwi, Amuria, Kaberamaido, Bukedea, Bududa, Serere, Kole, Alebtong, Agago and Nwoya


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